Gender Economics

Research projects


She Figures 2012

“She Figures 2012” (2011-2012) – This is an update of previous She Figures (cfr. She Figures 2009 below).

Euro-Mediterranean research cooperation on gender and science: SHE Euro-Mediterranean Research Area (SHEMERA)

“Euro-Mediterranean research cooperation on gender and science: SHE Euro-Mediterranean Research Area (SHEMERA)” (2011-2013). The overall objective of this research project is to enhance research cooperation on gender and science between the European Union and the Mediterranean countries. It aims at better understanding the roots of gender inequality in science in this geographical area, taking into account cultural diversities and traditions and at analysing how the Mediterranean countries are addressing the issue of gender and science. It assesses gender equality from a twofold perspective: the representation of women in scientific research and technological development and the integration of the gender dimension in research policy. The project includes a state of the art description of the problem, data collection and relevant comparative analysis on gender and science in all Mediterranean countries, focusing on three key themes: statistics on women in science, gender equality policies and research on gender inequalities in science careers. Results will be made accessible to the research community and policy makers via an online database, publishable reports and workshops. With the overall purpose of enhancing networking and steering policy-making on gender and science in the years to come, the project will develop recommendations for policy-makers aimed at enhancing the presence of women in scientific research and technological development at all levels and ensuring a better integration of the gender dimension in research policy. The Mediterranean countries included in the proposal are the Mediterranean Partner Countries (MPCs), i.e. the Mediterranean countries included in the list of International Co-operation Partner Countries: Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Palestinian-administered areas, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia.

Inégalités entre femmes et hommes dans les universités de la Communauté française de Belgique (GENIUF)

“Inégalités entre femmes et hommes dans les universités de la Communauté française de Belgique (GENIUF)” (2011), a research project for the Belgian ministerial cabinets of Minister Marcourt, Vice-President, Minister for economic affairs, SME and trade, and of Minister Laanan, Minister for culture, the audio-visual sector, health and equal opportunities. This project aims at analysing the evolution in the student population over the last decade in different universities in Belgium’s French-speaking community as well as the representation of women at the different levels of the academic career in order to test the assumption there is an automatic move towards gender equality in academia. It is also interested in mapping and analysing both the causes of observed gender disparities and possible policy responses to correct them.

Analysis of the gender pay gap in the EU-27

“Analysis of the gender pay gap in the EU-27”, a research project commissioned by the Institute for equality of women and men in preparation of the Belgian presidency of the EU (July-December 2010). The objective of this project is to establish a European report on the gender wage gap based on 2006 data from the European Structure of Earnings Survey that is analogous to the annual reports (2007, 2008, 2009) published by the Institute for equality of women and men on the occasion of the Equal Pay Day. The summary of the final report can be consulted at http://register.consilium.europa.eu/pdf/en/10/st16/st16881-ad01.en10.pdf

Meta-analysis of gender and science research

“Meta-analysis of gender and science research”, a three-year research project of the Seventh Framework Programme of the European Commission that ends in the fall of 2010. The objectives of the study are to: Provide an exhaustive overview and analysis of all research carried out on gender and science at European, national, and regional levels; Make the study results accessible to researchers and policy-makers via publishable reports and an informed bibliography available in a database; Steer policy-making on gender and science in the years to come and define future research priorities within the Seventh Framework Programme, in particular through good practice examples and gap analysis in the various research topics. The study covers the 27 EU Member States as well as the Associated States to the Seventh Framework Programme (Norway, Iceland, Israel, Switzerland, Turkey, and Croatia). The research produced in all European languages, from 1980 to 2006, has been revised. For more info: http://www.genderandscience.org/web/index.php

She Figures 2009

“She Figures 2009” (August 2008 – June 2009) - The objective of this project is to continue previous methodological developments and data gathering and processing so as to yield the statistics and indicators necessary for monitoring the progress towards gender equality in science. More concretely, the necessary sex-disaggregated data are collected and the indicators are computed that are needed for the 2009 She Figures publication of the Scientific Culture and Gender Issues Unit of the Directorate General Research and Technological Developments of the European Commission. The data are collected for the 27 EU Member States plus Croatia, Iceland, Israel, Norway, Switzerland and Turkey from the early nineties until 2007 or the latest data available. Download the publication at: http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/document_library/pdf_06/she_figures_2009_en.pdf

Belgian Gender and Income Analysis (BGIA)

“Belgian Gender and Income Analysis (BGIA)” (September 2007 - December 2009), AGORA research project financed by the Federal Public Service for Scientific Policy.
This is a joint research with the Institute for equality of women and men (Institut pour l’égalité des femmes et des hommes), the Federal Public Service for Scientific Policy (la Politique scientifique fédérale) and the Directorate general for Statistics and economic Information (Direction générale des Statistiques et de l’Information économique). The aim of this project is to provide an in-depth analysis at the individual level of the comparative income and poverty situation of women and men in Belgium on the basis of the different data sources available (EU-SILC 2005, ESES, Enquête belge sur le budget des ménages and fiscal data). New methods and indicators will be developed and a “gender and income” database will be constructed. These will be made widely available to facilitate and encourage future research on the topic. The summary of the final report can be consulted at http://www.belspo.be/belspo/home/publ/pub_ostc/agora/ragJJ144sum_en.pdf

Public policies towards employment of parents and social inclusion (PEPSI)

“Public policies towards employment of parents and social inclusion (PEPSI)” (December 2005 – December 2008), a research sponsored by the Federal Public Service for Scientific Policy under the pluri-annual research programme “Society and Future” (2005-2010), My contribution to this project focuses on examining the wage gap between men and women, mothers and non-mothers, and between mothers and fathers. The wage gap between mothers and non-mothers is thoroughly analysed along the wage distribution using quantile regression techniques. I also contribute to the analysis of leave policies throughout Europe. For more info: http://www.ulb.ac.be/soco/pepsi/presentation.htm#anglais

The Rationale of Motherhood Choices : Influence of Employment Conditions and of Public Policies (MOCHO)

« The Rationale of Motherhood Choices : Influence of Employment Conditions and of Public Policies (MOCHO) ». This project was part of the Key Action « Improving Human Research Potential and the Socio-economic Knowledge Base » of the Fifth Framework Programme of the European Commission. It was a three-year project that started on the 1st of October 2001 and ran until the 1st of October 2004. The final synthesis report is available on the project’s website: http://www.ulb.ac.be/soco/mocho

Women in industrial research

“Women in industrial research” (December 2001 – June 2003). The aim of the final report we have written was to provide a complete analysis of the issue of women in industrial research, as well as of the obstacles they encounter as their career develops and how they can overcome them. Thanks to the efforts made by the DG Research Women and Science unit, for the first time official data were made available. A literature review at the European and international levels has been carried out as well as two kinds of analysis: (i) quantitative and (ii) qualitative. Good practices and recommendations have also been gathered in order to help in the construction of actions to improve the current situation of women in industrial research.

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